NOTE: * denotes urgency legislation


SB 176 (Alquist-D) - Household Hazardous Waste

Prohibits state agencies from providing information on household 
hazardous substances or safer substitutes for products that 
contain hazardous substances unless the information is competent 
and reliable.  Requires the Integrated Waste Management Board 
to evaluate the potential of proposed substitutes to be accidentally 
ingested or to pose other hazards to human health and safety.

(Failed passage in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 324 (Calderon-D) - Hazardous Materials:  Mediation-

Establishes a voluntary mediation process which provides for the 
identification and notification of potential liability between 
present property owners of contaminated property and the parties 
the present owners determine may be responsible for the 

Vetoed by the Governor 

SB 480 (Alquist-D) - Low-Level Radioactive Waste

Requires that as a condition of maintaining a license for a low-
level radioactive waste disposal facility, the Department of Health 
Services shall require the operator of the low-level radioactive 
waste disposal facility to obtain and maintain the maximum 
nuclear liability insurance “generally available” for the site.  
Requires that the policy shall provide that the operator of the site, 
generators of low-level radioactive waste utilizing the site, and 
the State of California are covered as insured entities for any 
covered third-party liability costs that the insured entities may 
incur in connection with the operation of the facility.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 562 (Thompson-D) - Underground Storage Tank Cleanup

Implements the Thompson-Richter Underground Storage Tank 
Reform Act and makes a number of significant changes to the 
Underground Storage Tank (UST) Cleanup program which is 
administered by the State Water Resources Control Board.  Some 
of the significant changes include:  authorizing a joint claim for 
commingled plumes to be submitted for reimbursement of 
corrective action costs; allocating $10 million from the 1996 
Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Fund Budget Act 
appropriation to pay commingled plume claims; and expanding 
the pool of eligible UST claim applicants to include persons who 
own property on which a prior UST cleanup has been completed, 
and additional cleanup is now required due to newly discovered 

Chapter 611, Statutes of 1996 

SB 804 (Monteith-R) - Hazardous Materials:  Agriculture

Exempts a business operating a farm for purposes of cultivating 
the soil or raising any agricultural or horticultural commodity 
from filing a business plan unless it is determined, as specified, 
that the business poses a substantial danger of an accidental 
release of a hazardous material and the business does not provide 
specified information.

(Failed passage in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 917 (Kelley-R) - Hazardous Substances

Requires the Secretary for Environmental Protection to review 
and revise cleanup procedures and standards for all state laws 
that are applicable to the cleanup of sites contaminated by 
hazardous substances, as specified.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 1063 (Peace-D) - Non-RCRA Hazardous Waste:  Transport and 
Handling:  Zinc

Requires the Department of Toxic Substances Control to review 
by March 31, 1997 the various ways that waste not subject to the 
federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (non-RCRA 
waste) is currently regulated when it is transported from its place 
of generation to a transfer or consolidation site, before being 
shipped to its final treatment, recycling or disposal destination.  
Also requires the department, by July 1, 1997, to evaluate the 
hazardous waste classification criteria as it pertains to zinc-
containing waste streams, and make appropriate regulatory 

Chapter 437, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1116 (Monteith-R) - Air Toxics “Hot Spots”

Modifies the Air Toxics “Hot Spots” Information and Assessment 
Act to eliminate reporting requirements for specified facilities and 
reduce fees used to support the program.

(Died in Senate Appropriations Committee)

SB 1133 (Wright-R) - Environmental Protection:  Hazardous 

Establishes a petition process allowing any person to petition for 
the review of a regulation adopted by the Department of Toxic 
Substances Control that classifies as a non-federal Resource 
Conservation and Recovery Act waste.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 1168 (Rogers-R) - Wells:  Licensed Contractors

Provides that a C-57 Water Well Contractor's License is not 
needed for the construction, alteration, destruction, or 
abandonment of a water well, cathodic protection well, or 
monitoring well, if the person responsible for the task is an 
employee of the County of Inyo or the City of Los Angeles acting 
within the scope of his or her duties to construct, alter, destroy, or 
abandon a monitoring well or to abandon a water well located 
within the Owens Valley Groundwater Basin.

(Failed passage in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 1285 (Killea-I) - Hazardous Materials Liability

Immunizes lenders and fiduciaries from liability resulting from 
the release of hazardous materials on property in which they have 
a legal interest, as specified.

Chapter 612, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1295 (Wright-R) - Hazardous Waste Fees

Exempts any state or local agency or its contractors from 
hazardous waste fees associated with the construction of a public 
transportation system.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

SB 1417* (Kelley-R) - Underground Storage Tanks:  City of Blythe

Repeals the City of Blythe Environmental Remediation 
Demonstration Project established to address the problem of 
cleaning up commingled contamination from multiple leaking 
underground storage tanks in the city because the goals and 
objectives have been accomplished; permits the city to move from 
the investigative phase to the cleanup phase under the terms of 
the commingled plume account language contained within SB 562 
(Thompson); and immunizes the city and its employees from 
liability with respect to the cleanup or corrective action of an 
unauthorized release pursuant to the project.

Chapter 614, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1425 (Kelley-R) - Hazardous Substance Cleanup:  
Redevelopment Agencies

Allows a local enforcement agency or certified unified program 
agency to serve as the designated lead agency for oversight of the 
cleanup of hazardous wastes by redevelopment agencies.

Chapter 623, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1532 (Wright-R) - Hazardous Waste:  Generator Fees

Clarifies that a hazardous waste generator that receives a credit 
for a facility fee is also exempt from the generator fee.

Chapter 259, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1598 (Wright-R) - Hazardous Waste:  Environmental 

Provides specified generators or processors of hazardous waste 
(who were authorized to operate on or before January 1, 1996) 
with 6 additional months (to July 1, 1997) for completing and 
submitting a Phase 1 environmental assessment to the 
Department of Toxic Substances Control or a certified unified 
program agency.  The January 1, 1997 deadline would not change 
for those operators who were authorized to operate after January 
1, 1996.

(Died in Senate Appropriations Committee)

SB 1648 (Wright-R) - Hazardous Waste:  Petroleum 
Contaminated Debris

Exempts from regulation under the hazardous waste control laws 
any debris that is contaminated with petroleum or any of its 
fractions, as specified.

Chapter 214, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1706 (Wright-R) - Hazardous Waste:  Ash and Residues:  
Interim Status

Makes various revisions to laws pertaining to hazardous waste 
including variance for reclaimed commodity-like material, 
exemption of biomass ash from a specified pH test, and 
termination of interim status for failure to perform a phase I 
assessment or a financial assurance.

Chapter 962, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1757 (Calderon-D) - Hazardous Waste

Makes various changes to the Department of Toxic Substances 
Control's hazardous waste regulatory and site mitigation 
programs.  Some of the significant changes include:  (1) clarifying 
the extent to which the department may grant a variance from 
federal land disposal restrictions for hazardous waste regulated 
under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and 
(2) revising the definition of "response costs" for responsible 
parties involved with the Expedited Site Remediation Program.

Chapter 632, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1824* (Costa-D) - Unified Program Agencies:  Surcharge

Repeals the state surcharge for all certified unified program 
agencies (CUPA) on January 1, 1998.  Revises provisions of the 
unified program which authorizes the Secretary of Environmental 
Protection to waive the surcharge to instead allow a CUPA to 
request such a waiver, thus including cities and local agencies, in 
addition to counties, within the waiver provision, until January 1, 

(Died in Senate Appropriations Committee)

SB 1889 (Calderon-D) - Hazardous Waste:  Accidental Release

Redrafts the California Risk Management and Prevention 
Program for accidental releases of regulated substances to 
conform to the recently promulgated federal accident prevention 
program while retaining portions of the California program.

Chapter 715, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1966 (Wright-R) - Medical Waste

Makes a technical cleanup change in the Medical Waste 
Management Act, moves the regulation of specified waste 
pharmaceuticals from the hazardous waste program to the 
medical waste program, and reenacts the small quantity 
generator fee mistakenly repealed in 1995.

Chapter 536, Statutes of 1996 

SB 1979 (O'Connell-D) - Used Oil Recycling

Makes a number of changes to the used oil regulatory law and to 
the Oil Recycling Enhancement Act to:  eliminate a used oil 
testing requirement that was mistakenly imposed on small used 
oil collection centers by AB 3582 (Richter), Chapter 1154 of 1994; 
establish an emphasis on funding research into demonstration 
projects for collection technologies; develop uses for products 
resulting from the recycling of used oil; and make technical, 
cleanup changes to existing code sections.

Chapter 901, Statutes of 1996 

AB 42 (Baca-D) - Risk Management and Prevention Program

Redraws the jurisdictional boundaries that now allow local 
administering agencies to oversee, and air quality districts to 
regulate, the use and handling of chemicals in order to prevent 
accidental releases that are hazardous to the public.  Leaves the 
authority of local administering agencies intact, prohibits the air 
quality districts from regulating the use and handling of acutely 
hazardous materials in order to prevent accidents, designates the 
Office of Emergency Services as the only agency that may adopt 
general regulations in this area and creates a new petition 
process that citizens and other agencies may use when they 
believe that the accident risks associated with the use and 
handling of acutely hazardous materials are not adequately 

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AB 348 (Woods-R) - Underground Storage Tanks

Requires the State Water Resources Control Board to categorize 
specified joint applicant leaking underground storage tank claims 
at the priority level that is one level higher than the claim would 
otherwise be classified. Sunsets on January 1, 1999.

(Died on Assembly Inactive File)

AB 349 (Escutia-D) - Hazardous Liquid Pipelines

Requires hazardous liquid pipeline operators to submit to the 
State Fire Marshal an inspection, maintenance, improvement or 
replacement assessment of those pipelines built before January 1, 
1960 and those installed after January 1, 1960.  Requires the 
State Fire Marshal, in coordination with specified state agencies, 
to develop a plan for developing a comprehensive data base of 
pipeline information that would be available in compatible, 
interactive computer formats.

Chapter 973, Statutes of 1996 

AB 403 (Richter-R) - Underground Storage Tanks:  Repair or 

Redefines the circumstances by which a permit to repair or 
upgrade an underground storage tank could be denied by a local 
enforcement agency or regional board.  Also specifies the deadline 
for issuing the permit (within 30 days from the receipt of 
completed application), and authorizes a local agency or regional 
board to assess a fee to recover its actual oversight costs.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AB 468 (Vasconcellos-D) - Hazardous Waste:  Source Reduction

Prohibits the Department of Toxic Substances Control from 
requiring any generator who is implementing a source reduction 
review and plan to modify the facility's permit and allows 
generators who have achieved a source reduction of hazardous 
waste of at least 33% to only prepare a source reduction 
evaluation summary in lieu of a full plan.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AB 563 (Harvey-R) - Water Quality:  Waste Discharge

Excludes a local public entity from liability for costs or damages 
which result from release of hazardous materials on property in 
which a perfected right-of-way is located, unless the release was 
caused by acts of omission, exacerbation, or impeding cleanup or 
abatement by that public entity.

(Failed passage in Assembly Appropriations Committee)

AB 564 (Cannella-D) - Air Toxics "Hot Spots" Exemption

Exempts low priority facilities from the air toxics "hot spots" 
program unless certain circumstances occur.  Exempts medium 
priority facilities from annual fee requirements under the 
program in lieu of 4-year inventory update report filing fees.  
Doubles the period of time available to an air quality district to 
review and approve facility health risk assessments, from 180 
days to 1 year.

Chapter 602, Statutes of 1996 

AB 602 (Ducheny-D) - Hazardous Substance:  Treble Damages

Adds a provision to the State Water Pollution Cleanup and 
Abatement Account in the State Water Quality Control Fund 
which would authorize the deposit of 1/2 of any treble damages 
awarded to a responsible party following recovery from a 
contribution defendant who has failed or refused to comply with 
any such order or agreement issued by a regional board.

(Died in Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials 

AB 644 (Richter-R) - Non-RCRA Hazardous Waste

Requires the Department of Toxic Substances Control, by January 
1, 1999, to evaluate the difference between the regulations 
adopted pursuant to the federal Resource Conservation and 
Recovery Act of 1976 and the criteria, guidelines, and testing 
requirements adopted pursuant to the state hazardous waste 
control laws, make specified determinations concerning those 
regulations, and adopt, amend, or repeal regulations in 
accordance with those determinations.

(Died on Assembly Inactive File)

AB 645 (Frusetta-R) - Hazardous Waste Facilities:  Disposal and 
Generator Fees

Authorizes the Department of Toxic Substances Control to adopt 
regulations exempting victims of disaster from the hazardous 
waste disposal and generator fees if the hazardous waste is 
generated in a geographical area identified in a state of 
emergency proclamation by the Governor, the hazardous waste is 
generated when property owned or controlled by the victim is 
damaged or destroyed as a result of the disaster, the hazardous 
waste is not routinely produced or managed, as specified, and the 
victim meets any other condition or limitation specified by the 

Chapter 688, Statutes of 1996 

AB 971 (Sher-D) - Low-Level Radioactive Waste

Establishes a Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) Disposal Site 
Remediation Fund for costs of remediation or response costs to 
the state associated with the operation of a regional disposal 
facility for the Southwestern LLRW Disposal Compact.  Requires 
a surcharge imposed on generators of waste disposed so that the 
fund contains $15 million within 10 years.

(Failed passage in Assembly Natural Resources Committee)

AB 1096 (Ducheny-D) - Dry Cleaning Facilities

Enacts the Soil and Groundwater Reclamation and Protection Act 
of 1996.  Requires persons supplying dry cleaning solvent to dry 
cleaning facilities to pay a fee for deposit in a trust fund for loans 
to local agencies to investigate soil and groundwater 
contamination by solvents and grants to implement response 
plans.  Requires the State Water Resources Control Board to 
establish 2 priority lists of contaminated sites.  Prohibits dry 
cleaning facility operators from discharging dry cleaning solvents 
into a sewer or septic system

(Died in Assembly Appropriations Committee)

AB 1328 (Olberg-R) - Hazardous Substances:  Fees

Exempts a facility from a hazardous waste facilities fee if an 
initial hazardous waste facilities permit application or hazardous 
waste facilities permit renewal request has not received final 
action within one or more years, until final action is taken on the 
permit application or renewal request.

(Died in Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials 

AB 1530* (Richter-R) - Hazardous Waste:  Batteries

Provides that the Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery 
Management Act (P.L. 104-142) shall be deemed to be the law of 
this state with regard to the easy removability, environmental 
labeling, collection, storage, or transportation of federally 
regulated batteries.  States that it is the intent of the bill to make 
the necessary changes in state law to allow the Department of 
Toxic Substances Control to seek and maintain the approval of 
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection agency to 
implement the requirements of the Act.

Chapter 575, Statutes of 1996 

AB 1651 (Richter-R) - Hazardous Waste Cleanup:  Cost Recovery

Enacts a set of requirements governing the Department of Toxic 
Substances Control's procedures for billing oversight costs 
pertaining to corrective action, state Superfund and a pilot 
program established by the California Expedited Remedial Action 
Reform Act of 1994.

Chapter 576, Statutes of 1996 .

AB 1854 (Sher-D) - Undergound Storage Tank Violations

Increases fines and penalties for violations of the Underground 
Storage Tank Cleanup Law.

(Failed passage in Assembly Appropriations Committee)

AB 1909 (Campbell-D) - Cement Manufacturing

Until January 1, 2000, requires a manufacturer of cement sold in 
California, which is produced through the use of hazardous waste-
derived or tire-derived fuels, to inform the purchasers and 
consumers of the cement of that fact through the use of a material 
safety data sheet and label that contains specified information.  
Requires the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment 
to report to the Legislature by January 1, 1998, concerning the 
safety or risks of human exposure to cement produced through the 
use of hazardous waste-derived or tire-derived fuels.

(Died in Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials 

AB 1947 (Battin-R) - Hazardous Materials:  Local Regulation

Provides that when a city or county adopts or amends an 
ordinance related to acutely hazardous materials, it shall do so at 
a noticed public meeting and shall state its reasons for adopting 
or amending the ordinance in the ordinance.  Requires that the 
notice for the public hearing shall be in a newspaper of general 
circulation published and circulated in the affected city or county.

Chapter 980, Statutes of 1996 

AB 2088 (Alpert-D) - Hazardous Waste:  Recycled Material

Revises the definition of "recycled material" by excluding an 
intermediate manufacturing process stream (e.g., material is used 
onsite in the manufacturing process to produce a commercial 
product and the material is not recyclable) from regulation as 
hazardous waste.  Also makes a corresponding change to exclude 
the discarded material (resulting from the intermediate 
manufacturing process stream) from the definition of waste.

Chapter 579, Statutes of 1996 

AB 2102 (Rainey-R) - Hazardous Wastes:  Gypsum Substitutes

Clarifies that calcium sulfate-rich materials (i.e., synthetic 
gypsum) that are produced by power generating facilities and that 
can be used in a commercial application without prior treatment 
as a substitute for natural gypsum is not a hazardous waste 
under state law.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AB 2163* (Rainey-R) - ASARCO:  Removal and Remedial Actions

Appropriates $1,810,539.32 from the General Fund to the State 
Lands Commission for the purpose of funding the obligation of the 
commission and the state for its final share of the costs of 
remedial and removal action on state lands at the ASARCO site 
pursuant to a consent judgment.

(Died in Senate Appropriations Committee)

AB 2202 (Baca-D) - Household Hazardous Products:  Reusability

Authorizes a public agency to conduct a materials exchange 
program in which hazardous materials in containers, which are 
received by a household hazardous waste collection facility from 
households or conditionally exempt small quantity generators, 
could be offered to the public for reuse.

Chapter 647, Statutes of 1996 

AB 2507 (Ackerman-R) - Corrective Action:  Cost Recovery

Establishes a set of conditions that the State Water Resources 
Control Board (SWRCB) and local agencies must meet when they 
charge oversight fees for supervising a cleanup project and 
requires SWRCB to submit a report to the Legislature on the 
costs of implementing the bill as specified. 

Chapter 607, Statutes of 1996 

AB 2559 (Setencich-R) - Used Oil:  Dielectric Fluid

Provides that used oil shall not be managed as a hazardous waste 
if the used oil is dielectric fluid which is removed from oil-filled 
electrical equipment that is not spent and that is filtered and 
replaced, onsite, into electrical equipment during routine 
maintenance activities and that is managed in accordance with 
federal requirements.

Vetoed by the Governor 

AB 2620 (Morrissey-R) - Point Source Dischargers

Establishes a prohibition against requiring waste dischargers to 
meet water quality standards that are stricter than standards 
established under the federal Safe Drinking Water Act except 
when stricter standards are otherwise required by federal law or 
when "newly discovered" contaminants are found that require 
regulation because they are hazardous.  Establishes a second 
prohibition against requiring that wastewater that is being 
discharged from a facility be of higher quality than the water 
supply used by the facility.

(Failed passage in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AB 2776 (Miller-R) - Hazardous Waste Management

Provides for an omnibus measure that makes a number of minor 
changes to various requirements in the hazardous waste laws.  
Also grants the Department of Toxic Substances Control 
expanded authority to determine how the requirements of the 
hazardous waste statutes will apply to hazardous waste 
management activities by giving the department the authority to 
issue temporary class variances from those statutory 
requirements and to adopt regulations exempting those activities 
from statutory requirements.

Chapter 999, Statutes of 1996 

AB 2965 (Firestone-R) - Underground Storage Tanks:  Loans

Transfers $8 million from the Underground Storage Tank 
Cleanup Fund to the Petroleum Underground Storage Tank 
Financing Account for expenditure by the Trade and Commerce 
Agency in the 1996-97 fiscal year for the purpose of making loans 
to small businesses.  Provides that this transfer supplants, and 
does not supplement, transfers made pursuant to Item 2920-101-
0439 of Section 2.00 of the Budget Act of 1996.  Makes a 
statement of legislative intent regarding funding for the loan 
program in future years.  Subjects enactment upon the enactment 
of SB 562 (Thompson).

(Died in Senate Appropriations Committee)

AB 2971 (Olberg-R) - Mojave Water Agency:  Groundwater 

Provides that, if the Mojave Water Agency undertakes to cleanup 
groundwater contamination underlying lands within its 
jurisdiction pursuant to an approved remediation plan, that 
undertaking will not impose any additional cleanup obligations 
under other laws.

Chapter 518, Statutes of 1996 

AB 3160 (Olberg-R) - Toxic Chemicals:  Private Actions

Clarifies the authority of the Attorney General to intervene in a 
private action brought to enforce Proposition 65 (the Safe 
Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986) and creates a 
rebuttable presumption that the action being brought is not in the 
public interest.

(Failed passage on Assembly Floor)

AB 3198 (Rainey-R) - Hazardous Waste:  Storage and 

Allows a remedial action consolidation site, as defined, to be 
operated without a hazardous waste facilities permit, if the 
hazardous waste transported to the site is a bulk non-RCRA 
hazardous waste soil or related debris generated in the course of a 
specified type of removal or remedial action, the remedial action 
consolidation site is operated by, or on behalf of, the generator, 
and specified requirements are met with regard to the 
management of the hazardous waste.  Specifies related 
responsibilities of the department.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AB 3433 (Bowen-D) - Low-Level Radioactive Waste

Makes a statement of legislative intent concerning the recovery 
and reuse of tritium and requires any person licensed to possess 
tritium as defined, who generates low-level radioactive waste 
(LLRW) containing more than 500 curies of tritium per year, to 
recover and reuse the tritium that would otherwise have been 
disposed of as a waste.  Requires a licensee to submit a plan to the 
Department of Health Services (DHS) for tritium recovery and 
reuse as specified.  Requires DHS to make a determination as to 
whether or not there is a facility in the US that accepts recovered 
tritium for recycling.  If such a facility is identified, requires DHS 
to notify licensees who must comply with the provisions of the bill 
or face a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 per day for each 
day that the violation continues.  Prohibits the intentional 
conversion of unreacted (waste tritium gas) into liquid or any 
other form for purposes of disposal as specified.

(Failed passage in Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic 
Materials Committee)

AB 3474 (Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials 
Committee) - Hazardous Waste Recycling

Makes a number of technical, nonsubstantive amendments to the 
hazardous waste recycling laws with the following exceptions:

1.	Allows hazardous waste recycling without a hazardous waste 
facilities permit even if the storage time before recycling is 
longer than 90 days if the longer time is authorized by statute 
or regulations consistent with federal requirements.

2.	Exempts unintentionally mixed fuel from regulation as a 
hazardous waste if the mismixed fuel is recycled at any type of 
petroleum refinery into fuel or other refined petroleum 

Chapter 433, Statutes of 1996 

AB 3475 (Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials 
Committee) - Environmental Laboratories

Requires that on or before June 30, 1998, the Department of 
Health Services shall propose regulations governing acceptance 
and approval of private third-party laboratory accreditation 
organizations, and provides that recognition of third-party 
laboratory accreditation shall commence on or before December 
31, 1998.

Chapter 747, Statutes of 1996 

AB 3476 (Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials 
Committee) - Inspection Frequency

Requires each department, board, or office within the California 
Environmental Protection Agency in consultation with local 
government to adopt regulations to implement a reduced 
governmental inspection frequency program for facilities meeting 
the criteria established for good compliance performance.

(Died in Senate Toxics and Public Safety Management 

AJR 60 (McPherson-R) - Safe Drinking Water Act

Memorializes Congress to pass legislation to reauthorize the 
federal Safe Drinking Water Act with provisions that define and 
recognize the needs of small water systems, provide states the 
flexibility by which to tailor monitoring requirements to meet 
local needs, authorize affordable compliance alternatives, 
facilitate compliance, recognize the states as the primary 
enforcement authorities, and allow for adequate compliance time.

Resolution Chapter 30, Statutes of 1996